I process my images using a combination of Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop, in common with just about every other photographer on the planet. To maximize time spent behind the camera, much of the Photoshop work is automated using Actions, which are a way to record and playback a sequence of Photoshop commands. In other programs such as Microsoft Word or Excel, these are called macros. Actions are a way of automating Photoshop processes that are performed frequently, but they have one fundamental limitation: there is no way for an action to make a decision by evaluating some condition and doing something different based on the result.
A sparkline is a small line graph designed to be used in-line within text to illustrate a time series; the concept was developed by data presentation guru Edward Tufte. Here's an example: University of California 403(b) pension fund cumulative return Jan 1990-April 2004 (original data)